Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR)
The term CSR is often used instead of sustainability. Alternatively it may focus on social sustainability – one of components of the ‘triple bottom line’ (coined by John Elkington in 1999).
Social considerations in sustainability include ethics / anti-corruption systems, human rights and health, equity and labour rights, and corporate governance which ideally should be integrated into sustainability action.
So Corporate social responsibility (CSR) is how the corporate sector often frames social sustainability issues. Responsible or ethical investment can also form part of CSR pracice in the business context.
Another term being used to describe this field is CSV – the creation of shared value. CSV recognises that corporate profit is nolonger considered sufficient to create real community economic value. To find out more about CSV, check out this 16 minute interview with Michael Porter of Harvard Business School and uploaded in 2011 by the Harvard Business Review.
Resources and frameworks for integrated sustainability reporting
Unfortunately many companies think that all they need to do to fulfill their social responsibilities is some public relations around donating funds, contributing volunteer time to community causes or providing flexible work arrangements to staff. On the other hand, a company may underestimate the relationship between their value chain and the views of stakeholders about their ‘social license to operate’.
Companies wishing to bost their value chain by taking a more enlightened and comprehensive role in CSR, can utilise a range of reporting frameworks with through initiatives such as:
- the ISO 26000 Corporate Social Responsibilty standard
- the Global Reporting Initiative (GRI)
- the United Nations Global Compact (Australia)
- Corporate Responsibility Index (CRI) – not currently licensed in Australia
- Triple Bottom Line reporting
- The International Integrated Reporting Council (IIRC) – a global coalition of regulators, investors, companies, standard setters, the accounting profession and NGOs leading the development of a global framework for Integrated Reporting (piloted in Australia, April to June 2013)
- Accounting for Sustainability – set up by HRH The Prince of Wales in 2004 “To help ensure that sustainability – considering what we do not only in terms of ourselves and today, but also of others and tomorrow – is not just talked and worried about, but becomes embedded in organizations’ “DNA”.”
The World Business Council for Sustainable Development (WBCSD) has produced a guide entitled, ‘Measuring socio-economic impact – A WBCSD guide for business: Navigating the complex landscape of socio-economic impact measurement’ (February 2013).
The guide helps companies measure their socio-economic impact as part of maintaining their license to operate, improving the business enabling environment, strengthening their value chains, and fueling product and service innovation. The guide is intended to help companies navigate the complex landscape of socio-economic impact measurement and health impact assessment tools.
Another useful report from the American Management Association is ‘The Ethicsal Enterprise – Doing things in the right ways, today and tomorrow’ which is a global study of business ethics prepared by Jay J. Jamrog and published in 2006.
Not-for-profit groups have been supporting corporate approaches to CSR and integrating sustainability in business practice. In Australia, support organisations and networks include the following:
Australian Centre for Corporate Social Responsibility (ACCSR)
Models of Success and Sustainability (MOSS)
Three pillars network
Why is social sustainability relevant?
This film provides some insight into answering this question. It is drawn from a conference of the United Nations Research Institute for Social Development entitled, “Green Economy and Sustainable Development: Bringing back the Social Dimension” (2011):
Further resources and information to come.